EDWARD BELLAMY LOOKING BACKWARD
Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg
Edward Bellamy AT HIS NAZISM !!! Growing
collection of online resources for studying utopia & dystopia,
author's library & biography.
The Pledge of Allegiance was
written by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and expresses ideas in the socialist
utopian novels of Francis' cousin Edward Bellamy. Francis wrote
the pledge to promote the Bellamys' idea of socialism in the most
socialistic institution -government schools. The Bellamy cousins
were totalitarian socialists, and the ideas that inspired them and
the pledge helped to inspire mass atrocities worldwide. http://rexcurry.net/pledge1.html
Edward Bellamy's date of birth was March 26, 1850, in Chicopee
Falls, Massachusetts. Bellamy’s father was Reverend Rufus King Bellamy
and Bellamy’s mother was Maria Putnam Bellamy, daughter of the Reverend
Benjamin Putnam. The Bellamy geneology dates to the 1640’s, and includes
many Baptist ministers. Bellamy’s great-grandfather was the famous
Reverend Joseph Bellamy, who worked closely with Jonathan Edwards in
the Great Awakening at the time of the Revolutionary War.
The Bellamys inspired a socialist movement worldwide and
the bible of that movement was Edward Bellamy's book "Looking Backward"
(1888) a fantasy about a revolution of totalitarian socialism. It
was translated into every major language including the languages of
those countries that experienced socialist revolutions and the socialist
Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part) under the National Socialist
German Workers' Party (~20 million dead), the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics (~60 million dead), and the Peoples' Republic of China (~50
million dead). The United States are fortunate to have detoured
from the deadly path of Bellamy’s dogma.
Edward was close to his mother and she inspired him to become
an insatiable reader, especially of the biographies of great men
and tales of adventure. He was fascinated by science, history
and military heroes.
When he was 17, he applied for admission to West Point,
but failed to pass the physical examination. He studied at Union College,
Schenectady, New York and became interested Socialism.
Bellamy also studied in Germany, where he lived for a year.
He studied law and entered the bar in 1871, opening his own law office
in Chicopee, Massachusetts. His first (and only) case caused him
to evict a widow for non-payment of rent, and he left the legal profession.
He so misunderstood the rule of law that in his chosen
profession that in “Looking Backward” there are no lawyers, just
a world full of laws and government.
He did something similar with churches and religion in
“Looking Backward.” A cynical passage near the end of Chapter
26 gives the only mention of their minor status, used as a story device
for spouting Edward Bellamy’s socialist philosophy. This is
an quote from the Mr. Barton’s sermon: “...it must not be forgotten
that the nineteenth century was in name Christian, and the fact that
the entire commercial and industrial frame of society was the embodiment
of the anti-Christian spirit must have had some weight, though I admit
it was strangely little, with the nominal followers of Jesus Christ.”
After Edward Bellamy’s book of 1888, and shortly before
Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge for the Youth’s Companion written
in 1892, Francis was pushed out of the ministry for his real-life
socialist propagandizing, including sermons like “Jesus the Socialist.”
An actual speech entitled “Jesus the Socialist” by Francis Bellamy is
not known to exist today. What is known is that Francis espoused
Edward’s dogma. Edward’s character Mr. Barton inspired Francis
Bellamy’s ministry and its end. Francis’ sermon “Jesus the socialist”
is Mr. Barton’s sermon in “Looking Backward.”
Edward Bellamy withdrew from the religiosity of his mother,
in favor of socialism. The biography “Edward Bellamy” by Arthur
E. Morgan states “...there is repeated evidence that in his effort to
become free from the loving pressure upon him, he came to the point
of spiritual rebellion.
In one of Edward Bellamy’s early journals is this short
note “It has come to that now that I don’t know how a man can better
serve his country than by becoming an infidel.”
His infidel status reached the ultimate point with his
last book, published posthumously “The Religion of Solidarity” (Antioch
Bookplate Company, 1940).
Edward Bellamy's book “Looking Backward” (1888) was such
a success that it inspired the "Nationalism" movement in the U.S.
and "Bellamy Clubs" (also known as "Nationalist Clubs") whose members
wanted the federal government to nationalize most of the American
economy. They saw government schools as a means to their socialist
The book "Looking Backward" is about a man who sleeps from
1887 until the year 2000. The United States has become one
giant socialist monopoly (excuse the redundancy). The demented document
openly portrays men treated as military draftees, from the age of
twenty-one until the age of forty-five, in the U.S.’s industrial army
(for more on that see http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html).
Bellamy’s glorification of the military includes government control
of all jobs. Everyone is issued ration cards which are used to
draw goods from government storehouses. Everyone is permitted only
the same amount in value annually. The entire school system is
only a government school system and it is an integral part of the development
of the industrial army and of the entire socialist monopoly system.
Of course, all of the preceding is portrayed as a dandy
utopia just as it was portrayed by so many apologists for the military
socialist complex of the socialist trio
of atrocities and other socialist hell-holes (see http://rexcurry.net/socialists.jpg).
According to R. J. Rummel's article in the Encyclopedia of
Genocide (1999) the top three most murderous regimes are: (1) the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 62 million deaths, 1917-'87; (2)
People's Republic of China, 35 million, 1949-'87; (3) Germany under
the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, 21 million, 1933-'45;
Bellamy's book was translated into 20 foreign languages.
It was popular among the elite in pre-revolutionary Russia, and was
even read by Lenin's wife. John Dewey and the historian Charles Beard
intended to praise the book by stating that it was matched in influence
only by Das Kapital.
Did Bellamy foresee soviet-style rationing, or did he inspire
Bellamy’s is the same socialist naivete that resulted in
7 million persons who perished from 1932-33 in the famine that resulted
in Europe’s “breadbasket” after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
imposed collectivist land management in the Ukraine. By the spring
of 1933, an estimated 25,000 people died every day in the Ukraine.
It is the same socialist naivete that resulted in 27 million people
starving to death in 1958 in the so-called “Great Leap Forward” in China.
Was the “Great Leap Forward” inspired by “Looking Backward”?
If Bellamy's fictional character had awakened in the year
2000 he would learn that since 1887 Bellamy's philosophy had set and
was holding all the worst records for shortages, poverty, misery, starvation,
atrocities and mass slaughter. Edward Bellamy lived from 1850–1898,
and died in Chicopee, Massachusetts and was spared witnessing the
horrors that his socialism caused to the rest of humanity.
The original Pledge of Allegiance to the U.S. flag as dictated
by Francis Bellamy used a straight-arm salute, not the hand-over-the-heart
(see rare historic photos at http://rexcurry.net/pledge1.html).
Francis Bellamy died in 1931, living long enough to see a similar
salute and a similar philosophy espoused by the National Socialist German
As the only person on the internet who collects, exposes
and writes about historical photos of the original socialist salute
to the U.S. flag, I consider Edward Bellamy’s book (and the Bellamy
cousins' ideas) terrifying.